Atlanta Georgia History
As one of the fastest growing cities in the United States, Atlanta is known for being a fast-paced city, home to people of all ages. In fact, it has been described as a two-race city, with whites and blacks making up the vast majority of the population. Over the years, Atlanta became a flashpoint for a series of historical events that helped shape the United States - particularly the South - during the Civil War and Reconstruction. While Atlanta seems like an open book to go to for "Go to the Wind" 'Somebody, here are 10 things you might not know about Atlanta.
Air travel gained importance in the mid-20th century, as Atlanta became one of our nation's busiest air hubs. In 1979, Atlanta unveiled its first international airport, the Georgia World Congress Center, which opened at the intersection of Georgia State University and Georgia International Airport. In the following decades, transportation links expanded and gained importance, making Atlanta an important hub for the US Air Force and Navy.
Georgia's first highway, which ran between Atlanta and Marietta, also established the city's importance as a regional transportation center. With links to Augusta and Macon at the intersection, the burgeoning community would soon be renamed Marthasville, which is finally happier than Atlanta.
The site was known as Marthasville, but in 1845 the name was changed and Atlanta was renamed after the West Atlantic Railway. Atlanta was proposed as the appropriate name for the new city and officially proposed on March 1, 1844, at a meeting of the Georgia State Board of Education.
Less known is what happened next : The US crew blamed Georgia, Alabama and Florida for overseeing the construction of the Milledgeville plant of the US Army Corps of Engineers. The government remained in MilledGEville until 1868, when Atlanta became Georgia's fifth and last capital. Today, Atlanta is the largest and fastest growing economic region in the United States and the second largest city in North America.
Atlanta's transportation links include three interstates that intersect with Atlanta: I-285, Interstate 95 and Interstate 85. Atlanta Metro is also among the top locations - the worst for traffic in the country. Due to heavy vehicle use, the Atlanta metro system, operated by the Georgia Transit Authority (GTA), a subsidiary of Georgia Power, is the seventh and busiest in the country, according to the US Department of Transportation.
The Atlanta area south of downtown also includes Fort McPherson, which filmmaker Tyler Perry bought in 2015. West of the five points in downtown Atlanta is the Atlanta University Center, home to the Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia State University and the University of Georgia. At the southern tip is Zoo Atlanta, which is home to the largest zoo in the United States, with more than 2.5 million animals and over 100,000 visitors annually.
Atlanta is the Metropolitan See of the Province of Atlanta, with one seat and 84 parishes in the Archdiocese of Atlanta. It is also the seat of the Church of St. John the Baptist, the Episcopal Church in Georgia, and houses the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Atlanta is also the seat of an Episcopal diocese in Atlanta, which includes the dioceses of DeKalb, Fulton, Cobb, Gwinnett and Fulton Counties, as well as parts of Fulton County, Georgia.
Today (est.) Atlanta has 5,268,860 inhabitants and is the second largest metropolitan area in the United States after New York City. It is one of America's fastest growing metropolises, with an average annual growth rate of 1.5% per year. Atlanta is home to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Georgia Institute of Technology (GAIT). Atlanta was the third largest city in Georgia in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) in 1990 ($5,268,860).
The same qualities that have made Atlanta a strategically important city for the Confederacy, but also an enticing destination for the Union's armies. Atlanta was located on the fall line that led from Columbus to Augusta and was therefore an ideal place for the advance of General William T. Sherman's troops. The Atlanta campaign was the Battle of Atlanta, the first major battle of the Civil War, in which the Confederate Army and the Union Army met.
The fighting focused on Atlanta, Georgia's largest rail hub, which was booming as a center for Confederate war industry and distribution.
When people and railroads moved back to Atlanta in the postwar years, the city recovered and quickly became Georgia's largest city in the decades that followed. Suburban growth soared, leading to large neighboring cities, including Atlanta, Cobb County, Fulton County and the rest of the Atlanta metro area.
This rapid expansion marked not only Atlanta but the surrounding area, and in 1854 the state legislature created a new political division, Fulton, which was entirely enclosed within the city of Atlanta. When Georgia seceded in January 1861, Atlanta joined the Confederacy and became a strategically important city for the cause of the South.